Energy LawHYBRID ENERGY SYSTEMS

Hybrid power generation systems are the method of generating electrical energy created by combining different energy systems and are mostly used in renewable energy systems. Hybrid energy production systems are systems where renewable energy sources such as wind energy, hydrogen energy, solar energy, biogas energy are used together. Hybrid energy systems are systems in general where two or more different energy generation systems work together to feed electricity or thermal load.

Together with hybrid systems, the goal is to close the weakness of an energy source to the superiority of the secondary energy source. The basic principle is the creation of a system in which two compatible resources complement each other.

Hybrid energy generation systems can be used for efficient production of energy in places, rural areas and remote areas where distribution and production are not sufficient. Hybrid systems can also be installed using cogeneration technology. Hybrid cogeneration systems are also involved in increasing the rate of use of renewable energy sources.

To summarize hybrid power plants; it is a system that aims and provides to combine solar, wind and other renewable energy sources with production methods. Thanks to the hybrid power plant, gains can be achieved in many areas.

What are the Benefits of Hybrid Power Plant?

Hybrid power plants can generate electricity from multiple sources in the same region at the same time or in different time periods. In other words, it is possible to sample the hydraulic or wind farm site, such as installing a solar plant or adding a solar plant to a geothermal power plant.

For this, a single production area is sufficient. Marketing the electricity to be produced is made easier with this system. Because production will continue not only when the wind is blowing, but also when the wind is not blowing or is not enough, with the sunny weather. In this way, an uninterrupted electricity generation can be made.

Hybrid power plants provide energy in a planned way, so they can also increase the use of the electricity of rural areas. If hybrid systems are combined with storage technologies, uninterrupted energy can be offered, and electricity can continue to be supplied to the grid with storage systems when energy is not produced.

In accordance with the provisions of the Regulation on The Amendment of the Electricity Market Licensing Regulation, also known as the Hybrid Regulation, which came into force on July 1st, it is now ensured that you produce your energy from multiple different sources and increase the energy supply.

Hybrid Energy Systems Legal Regulations

The Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EPDK) has determined the principles regarding the licensing processes of power plants produced from multiple sources (hybrids) by regulation no. 31062 dated 08/03/2020.

In the change of regulations,

1.Unified renewable electricity generation facility,

2.Unified power generation plant,

3.Supporting source electricity generation plant

  1. Together, it has defined combustion power generation facilities as multi-source electricity (HYBRID) production facilities.

In the new regulation, the “combined power generation plant” is defined as a single power generation plant established with the aim of generating electricity from multiple energy sources connected to the grid from the same port. COAL+GES

As a single power generation facility established with the aim of generating electricity from multiple all-renewable energy sources connected to the grid from the same port; HES+GES

Together, the combustion power generation plant is a single electricity generation facility where renewable auxiliary source is burned in the same facility besides the main source in electricity generation facilities where resources other than renewable energy sources are used;

Supportive source electricity generation plant: Defined as a single power generation facility that uses another energy source in the heat conversion process in production facilities.

In the change of regulations; As the main source, the preferred source for applying for associate or license in multi-source electricity generation plants; As an auxiliary resource, it has defined other resources or resources other than the main source, not the main type used in the application for associate or license in multi-source electricity generation facilities.

Licensing Process in Hybrid Power Plants

As a rule, applications for the production of electricity from a single source will be applied in the same way as the application for the production of electricity from a single source. However, with the amendment of the Regulation, some different provisions are foreseen for combined renewable electricity generation facilities.

In accordance with Article 5 of the Regulation, the legal entity wishing to operate in the Electricity Market, before starting its activity; as a rule, it is necessary to apply for a separate license for each activity and for each facility to be established. However, an exception has been made for multi-source electricity generation facilities with the amendment of the Regulation. According to the deconstalization arrangement, the production units of auxiliary resources used in multi-source electricity generation facilities will be considered as the unit of the plant based on the main source, and the facility will be evaluated under a single associate degree or license without applying for a new license for the auxiliary resource and applications will be made accordingly. However, according to this arrangement, it is regulated that the auxiliary resource cannot be converted to the main resource in any way.

In case of adding an auxiliary master resource for existing facilities; a separate license is not obtained for the auxiliary resource and the existing license is amended. A license amendment application is submitted to epdk.

Applications made by associate legal entities in order to establish multiple source electricity generation facilities must fulfill their obligations in the first and second paragraphs of Article 17 of the Regulation, which regulates the work and transactions that must be completed within the associate period. These obligations can be fulfilled individually for each resource or can be fulfilled together.

In addition, with the regulation introduced, it is determined that the associate or production license requests for the reduction of the installed power of the units based on the main source in the associate or production license subject to the combined power generation plant and the combined renewable electricity generation facilities will be considered as a request for termination of the license.

The main resource and auxiliary resource board forces for the combined renewable electricity generation facility and the combined power generation facilities will be collected and evaluated together through the main source in relation to the license fees.

The annual license fees that legal entities operating in the market have to deposit into the corporate account and will be valid for the following year are determined relatively according to the subjects of activity and the amount of electrical energy produced, transmitted, distributed, wholesale or retail sales and storage.

Regarding the guarantees paid to the Institution in the associate applications of the production facilities, the guarantee submitted to the Board for the auxiliary resource if the joint power generation plant and the auxiliary resource facility in the combined renewable electricity generation facilities are opened to the enterprise before the facility belonging to the main source, the guarantee submitted to the Board for the auxiliary resource will not be returned until the production facility based on the main source is commissioned.